What are the functions of feed grade sodium humate?
What are the functions of feed grade sodium humate?
While humic acid is widely used in agriculture, it also plays a great role in animal husbandry. Khumic has also produced sodium humate by fully reacting weathered lignite with sodium hydroxide solution through long-term research and development. A series of products - HumicFed, which are widely used in pig, cattle, sheep and shrimp breeding.
Why is the use of sodium humate more and more widely used? What are its main functions? Many scholars have found that sodium humate has the following effects in feed:
(1) Activation and absorption of sodium humate as a feed ingredient
Since humic acid itself has a large molecular weight, it can also associate into larger particles in a certain medium, so it has colloidal characteristics and adsorption capacity, forming a good ion exchange and catalytic effect, and promoting the activation and absorption of feed ingredients. It can fully decompose the various complex molecular nutrients in the feed and carry out a good organic combination, increase the gastrointestinal function, and promote the assimilation of protein. Improve the permeability of animal cell membranes and protoplasm, increase the water content of muscle cells and cells, and cause the phenomenon of smooth and tender skin of pigs. The adsorption of humic acid makes the feed nutrients pass through the intestines more slowly, enhances the absorption and digestion time, and improves the absorption rate of nutrients.
The humic acid molecule is rich in nitrogen and has a strong absorption effect on amino groups, which makes the non-protein ammonia in the feed fully utilized, and the feed protein is converted into muscle protein to a higher limit, and the growth potential of lean meat is exerted. It increases the proportion of lean meat, and at the same time, the humic acid molecules remaining in the intestine can also absorb the ammonia gas in the feces, which not only reduces the odor of the feces, but also increases the fertilizer efficiency due to the absorption of ammonia gas. The quinone group contained in humic acid participates in the redox process of the body, making metabolism vigorous, promoting cell proliferation and accelerating growth. Sodium humate can improve gastrointestinal function, promote gastric juice secretion, increase appetite, promote faster entry of nutrients into the body, stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, and inhibit the reproduction of spoilage bacteria. Since sodium humate can promote digestion and absorption, it can better absorb and utilize the mineral elements in the feed compatibility, and give full play to the role of mineral elements and various vitamins.
(2) The effect of sodium humate on endocrine function
Humic acid can stimulate the secretion of certain glands, inhibit the sympathetic nerve, cause drowsiness, increase the time of the carcass in a sleep or quiet state, and generally reduce the body movement and visceral activities of the whole body. All organ systems can be recovered in time. On the other hand, the body temperature of livestock decreases during sleep, heat consumption and excess exercise energy consumption are reduced, and storage energy is relatively increased, thereby increasing the deposition of muscle and fat, and improving the feed conversion rate. . Humic acid can activate the function of the pituitary-adrenal cortex, promote the secretion of ACTH, increase the secretion of estrogen, and stimulate the balance of the thyroid.
(3) Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects of sodium humate
Sodium humate is a polymer complex and contains alkaloids, so it has a strong adsorption capacity for intestinal inflammatory substances and toxic substances, and has astringent effect on the intestinal mucosa. This kind of active group can constrict blood vessels, reduce capillary permeability, and play an anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect. Under the action of various enzymes, the active groups in the sodium humate molecule can decompose more nascent oxygen, showing a bactericidal effect.
(4) Antiviral effect of sodium humate
Unlike antibiotics, humic acid is not decomposed by molds and bacteria, and can denature viral proteins, thereby producing antiviral effects. Sodium humate can make DNA viruses (naked and encapsulated) unable to be attached to cells and unable to reproduce. In addition, it can inhibit reverse transcriptase activity and inhibit virus synthesis.
(5) The role of sodium humate in promoting wound healing
Sodium humate has a good de-saprotrophic effect. After the sodium humate is in contact with the wound, due to the change of physical and chemical effects, metal ions and poisons are eliminated, and the odor and secretion of pus are also reduced. Sodium humate can quickly form a protective film on the wound surface and constrict tiny blood vessels to stop bleeding. As the molecular structure of sodium humate determines that it is both an oxidant and a reducing agent, it can separate the nascent oxygen from the two energy, increase the internal respiration of cells, and promote cell metabolism. Sodium humate can increase the number of platelets, constrict blood vessels, reduce the permeability of capillaries, and can reverse abnormal microcirculation perfusion and promote the return to normal. Sodium humate can stimulate the synthesis of prostaglandins in the gastric mucosa, increase the blood flow of the gastric mucosa, protect the gastric mucosa, and heal the ulcer.
(6) The effect of sodium humate on immune function
Sodium humate can increase the weight of the spleen in mice and rabbits, the white pulp area becomes larger, the cells in the red pulp increase significantly, and large macrophages appear, thereby enhancing the function of immune organs. Sodium humate has an excitatory effect on the function of the reticuloendothelial system, that is, on non-specific immune function. Sodium humate has the effect of enhancing humoral immune function. Sodium humate can increase the lymphatic turnover rate, has the effect of phytohemagglutinin (PHA), and participates in cellular immunity.
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